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Most Popular Coffee Beans From Around The World

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Whether it’s a cup as soon as you wake up, a quick cappuccino through the drive-through after work, or a nice relaxing mocha at the end of the day, lots of people use coffee as not only a stimulant, but a part of life. If you’re an avid coffee drinker, you’ve probably wondered just how many types of coffee there are and what makes them unique. We’ve got the answers!

There are four different kinds of coffee beans: Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa.

Arabica

The journey of Arabica starts around 1000 BC in the Kingdome of Kefa, which is now the present day Ethiopia. Historians believe that coffee seeds were first taken from the coffee forests of Southwestern Ethiopia to Yemen, where it was cultivated as a crop. In Kefa, the Oromo tribe ate the bean, crushed it and mixed it with fat to make spheres the size of ping-pong balls. The plant species Coffea Arabica got its name around the 7th century when the bean crossed the Red Sea from Ethiopia to present-day Yemen and lower Arabia, hence the term “arabica.”

It has become so popular that it accounts for over 60% of the world’s coffee production now. Arabica beans are grown at high altitudes, in areas that receive steady rainfall and have a plentiful amount of shade. Typically used for black coffee, Arabica beans have a sweeter, milder taste that you can drink straight.

There are two types of Arabica coffee beans, Typica and Bourbon. Typica is considered the first variety of the species to be discovered. It is a low-yielding variety that is enjoyed across the world for its excellent cup quality. Bourbon varieties are awarded for their more complex, balanced aromas and have developed into many high-quality sub-types. There are a number of Bourbon varieties that have propagated to suit the regional climate, which only flourishes at high altitude.

arabica
Source: Aaronwebstore

Robusta

Robusta originated in central and western sub-Saharan Africa and is the second most popular coffee in the world, making up 40% of the worlds coffee production.

While Arabica is the most popular, Robusta is cheaper and stronger. Because of its bitter flavor, you’ll typically see Robusta used for espresso drinks and in instant coffee mixes. If your Monday morning is lagging, reach for a cup of coffee that uses Robusta beans. Their high caffeine content will wake you right up!

Robusta plants are easier to grow  because they tolerate less favorable soil and climate conditions and grow at lower elevations. When growing in the wild, it can rise to heights of 30 feet or more under prime growing conditions. It can withstand myriad altitudes, but particularly requires a hot climate where rainfall is irregular. The beans have almost double the amount of caffeine compared to Arabica beans—in fact, caffeine is what makes Robusta plants so robust! Caffeine is the plant’s self-defense against disease.

With less sugar and fewer lipids when compared to Arabica coffee, it may be challenging to try drinking Coffee Robusta for some. If you can get past that initial flavor hit, you will find this robust coffee to be an excellent addition to your daily routine.

Robusta
Image by David Dewitt https://thecozycoffee.com/how-to-roast-coffee-beans/

Liberica

Native to central and western Africa – specifically Liberia, hence its name – Coffea liberica is prized for its piquant floral aroma and bold, smoky flavor profile. Unheard of in Western civilization before the late 1800s, Liberica gained a foothold with Southeast Asian coffee producers after a fungal disease (“co

ffee rust”) wiped out much of the region’s Arabica crops.

It’s a much larger plant than other species, growing to 20m in height and producing coffee beans that are much larger than other varieties. It is similar to Robusta coffee than Arabica in terms of its general taste profile. That is to say, it is bold, emphasizes the darker, earthier flavors and has more of a ‘kick’ to it. The beans are said to have a unique aroma, consisting of floral and fruity notes, with a full body that possesses a smoky taste; those who have had Liberica coffee say that it is unlike any coffee they have ever tasted—with many saying it does not even taste like coffee, stating that it tastes too “woody”.

Liberica
Source: Quora

Excelsa

The final type of coffee bean we introduce today is Excelsa. It was considered an individual coffee type until 2006 when it was re-classified as a type of Liberica by Aaron P. Davis, a British botanist.

Like the Liberica coffee described above, Excelsa is grown primarily in Southeast Asia and represents only a small fraction of the world’s coffee production. It grows on large, vigorous trees at medium altitudes. Many beans have a distinctive “teardrop” shape, which gives it a family resemblance to Liberica, but their average size is much smaller.

In terms of flavor, Excelsa beans are pretty unique. They combine light roast traits like tart notes and fruity flavors with flavors that are more reminiscent of dark roasts. They’re also lighter on aroma and caffeine — while maintaining an unusual depth of flavor. You can sometimes find these unusual beans in blends because they add complexity.

Excelsa
Source: Shopee

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