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Most Interesting Facts about Luxembourg

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facts about luxembourg

Luxembourg is a small land locked country, located in western Europe. Even though it’s a tiny country, it is a charming blend of both ancient and modern. From its award-winning wine and food to its ancient network of underground tunnels, there is much more to Luxembourg than meets the eye. How well do you know Luxembourg? Here are some interesting facts about this tiny European country that might surprise you!

1. Luxembourg’s current Prime Minister, Xavier Bettel, was the first gay EU leader to marry. He married his partner, Gauthier Destenay, in 2015.

Xavier Bettel
Source: Twitter

2. It had the largest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in the world in 2014 at $111,716 based on the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook Report in April 2015.

3. It offers Europe’s highest minimum legal salary; second in the world only to Australia. It also has one of the highest costs of living as well. The Luxembourg people have lots of opportunities to enjoy their money and their free time; the country offers a truly affluent European lifestyle. And their average unemployment rate has been the lowest in Europe for over 40 years.

4. Luxembourg founded the European Union to create a politically stronger Europe. The highest court in the EU in matters of union law with its 28 justices, one for each member state, is located in Luxembourg. The country is secular with no national religion although 87 percent of the people are practicing Roman Catholics.

5. It is also among the twelve founding member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

6. It is the safest country in the world! According to a UN survey, you have less chance of being shot in Luxembourg than in any other country in the world. There are around 1,300 police and just two jails in Luxembourg.

7. With 647 cars purchased per 1,000 people, Luxembourg has the highest rate of car ownership in the entire world. What is the top selling brand? Volkswagen is purchased most often.

8. Nearly half of Luxembourg’s workforce commutes to work in Luxembourg from another country. Most non-Luxembourg nationals travelling across the border are French (78,500 workers), Belgians (39,400 workers) and Germans (39,100 workers).

9. Luxembourg is ranked by the Heritage Foundation as Europe’s first and the world’s fourth ranked country for economic freedom.

10. There are 17 kilometers (over ten and a half miles) of underground tunnels under The Bock that are cut through solid rock beneath Luxembourg City. First started in 1644, they were used as air raid shelters during World Wars I and II. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, they are open to the public.

The Bock
Source: Pinterest

11. Luxembourg is a little smaller than the state of Rhode Island, making it one of the tiniest countries in the world.

12. The Schengen Agreements, which allow Europeans to travel freely across European borders, were signed in Luxembourg. The two agreements were signed in 1985 and 1990 in the tiny village of Schengen in Luxembourg’s wine-growing Moselle region. The village, located where Luxembourg, France and Germany meet, symbolises free movement and the abolition of internal borders.

How to reach?

Luxembourg City’s Findel Airport is well connected to all other countries across the globe. There are quite a few connecting flights from the major cities of India to Luxembourg.

Visa:

Luxembourg Visa Requirements for Indians

Author’s Recommendations:

Echternach: Echternach is the oldest town in Luxembourg and one of Europe’s earliest cultural centers. This medieval city is most notably known for its monumental ancient architecture such as the Roman Villa, the Roman Basilica, the Peter and Paul Parish Church, and the Rococo Pavilion. is also famous for its international music festival, which runs from late May to late June. The town also offers great dining at its many restaurants, as well as numerous boutique shops and galleries, a variety of top-rated hotels, and camping.

Echternach
Source: Dreamstime.com

Larochette: Larochette is a quaint old market town that lies in a narrow, rocky valley surrounded by woods. The town is dominated by two old and partially rebuilt castles that stand on a crag high above the valley of the White Ernz. The place is full of fine-dining restaurants and surprising cafes that make for a great place to explore around.

Larochette
Source: Flickr

The Moselle Valley: Spread across a 42km long stretch from Schengen to Wasserbillig, this place features lush green valley flanking the majestic Moselle River. There many picturesque villages located along the banks of the Moselle that you can explore. There is a distinct charm to every village in the valley, with fine-dining restaurants serving delicious Luxembourg food and a relaxing vibe rarely found in tourist destinations. Machtum, Ehen, Greiveldange, Remich, and Remerschen are among the notable villages.

The Moselle Valley
Source: European Backdoors

Berdorf: Berdorf is one of the main tourist areas in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and lies on a vast tableland overlooking the valleys of the Black Ernz, the Sûre, and the Aesbach rivers. A perfect place for adventure lovers who likes to explore the numerous hiking and biking trails surrounded by beautiful panoramic views.

Berdorf
Source: Pinterest

Old Town of Luxembourg: The old town of Luxembourg has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1994, and it’s not difficult to see why. The roads in the old quarter are decorated with charming old buildings and homes. It’s a beautiful place where you can take a stroll in the cobblestone streets and enjoy the spectacular view of the stone bridges across the river and the former fortress.

Old Town of Luxembourg
Source: Pinterest
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