With varied landscapes, rich and unique flora and fauna, and diverse cultures, Guyana is a fascinating place with mysteries. Here are five fascinating facts about Guyana that many people around the world may not know:
1. Guyana is also home to the world’s largest single drop waterfall – the Kaieteur Falls. The falls has a total length of 251 meters and it is amongst the most powerful waterfalls in the world with an average water flow rate of 663 cubic meters per second.
2. In Guyana’s total population, 36 percent of the residents are of African descent, while half of the people are of East Indian origin. There was a great demand for plantation workers after slavery in Guyana, which led to the immigration of the East Indians into the nation.
3. It is the only South American country where English is the main language, but the majority of the population do speak Guyanese Creole.
4. According to the WHO, Guyana is ranked second in suicides per capita worldwide after Sri Lanka. The largest mass suicide in modern history happened in Guyana when more than 900 people died in 1978.
5. Due to the high cost of living, Guyana has one of the highest emigration rates in the world, with approximately 55% of citizens choosing to reside abroad.
6. 70% of Guyana is uninhabited because Guyana is mostly made up of dense rainforest. The capital of the nation, Georgetown, is where the majority of the population lives.
7. Since Guyana is covered with mostly rainforests, it is a paradise for all the scientists. Many species of flora and fauna exist in the rainforests of Guyana including several that are unknown to humans. Every year, new species are discovered in these forests. This has attracted scientists from all over the world.
8. Guyana is home to one of largest gold mines in the world. The Omai Gold Mine is in the north-west of the country and is estimated to contain about 3.7 million ounces of gold.
9. Guyana is home to the world’s fourth longest floating bridge, the 1,851 meters long Demerara Harbour Bridge. The bridge is located on the Demerara River near Georgetown. The world’s sixth-longest floating bridge, the Berbice Bridge, is also located in the country. It is 1,571 meters long.
10. Guyana is quite famous for its rum as well. El Dorado is a rum brand produced by the Demerara Distillery. From the 1600s, blended selections of different batches of rums from several stills have been aged in oak barrels to produce an array of aged rums from three to 50 years old. That’s right, 50 years!
How to reach?
Guyana is home to one international airport but there are no direct flights to the country from India owing to the great distance between the two countries. It is home to one international airport namely Cheddi Jagan Airport located 27 miles from the capital city, Georgetown.
Kaieteur Falls: A trip to Guyana is incomplete without a visit to Kaieteur Falls nestled in the middle of Kaieteur National Park. Some 30,000 gallons of water cascade down a sheer drop of more than 750 feet – almost five times the height of Niagara Falls – making Kaieteur one of the world’s largest single drop waterfall.
Rewa: Located in the North Rupununi region of Guyana, Rewa is an isolated place where there are no cars, no phones, and no internet connection, and only accessed by a two-hour boat ride or bumpy motorbike trip. Activities on offer include wildlife spotting, fishing (usually catch and release) and hiking.
Iwokrama Rainforest: The Iwokrama Forest is one of the last untouched rainforests in the world. Camps throughout the forest allow for visitors to discover unique, rare flora and fauna, and the jungle wildlife as well. Also, the Canopy Walkway of Iwokrama is one of the ultimate things to do in Guyana.
Surama: Surama is the perfect place to explore the cultures and traditions of the country. Experience the traditional dances and daily chores such as the production of cassava of the Macushi tribe.
Mount Roraima: Mount Roraima is near the border of Brazil and Guyana and it can be the greatest tabletop mountain in South America, with its tropical forest on, interesting cutting edges, and amazing corners that looks like come from another world. This is an interesting destination for expert climbers and geology enthusiasts.