Equatorial Guinea is a tiny West African country surround by Cameroon to the North, Gabon to the South and the Atlantic Ocean to the West. The country boasts a varied and spectacular terrain. Beautiful beaches and coastal plains turn to rolling hills in the interior. Its five islands are home to mountain peaks, volcanoes, and a variety of wildlife. Equatorial Guinea has no shortage of beaches, jungles, and natural sites worth seeing.
1. Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa to have Spanish as an official language. It was a Spanish colony on 2 separate occasions: between 1778 and 1810 and from 1844 to 1968. Because of its long influence over the country, Spanish has remained an important language.
2. The current capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, which is located in the Bioko Norte province on the island of Bioko, and not the mainland. So, the government of this country is planning a new capital known as Oyala and is located in the Wele-Nzas province of the mainland region. Oyala will become the new headquarters location for the police, military, president, administration, government, and Congress.
3. Teodoro Obiang, the current president, is one of the longest-serving presidents in Africa. He has been accused of corruption by many and despite more than a dozen attempts to depose him, he has clung to power. He himself seized power from his Uncle in 1979 in a coup.
4. The country has the worst record of Human Rights in the world. According to the yearly Freedom in the World survey which measures political and civil rights, Equatorial Guinea has a ranking of 7. The scale is 1 (most free) to 7 (least free).
5. It is the smallest African country to be a member of the United Nations according to the total land area.
6. Equatorial Guinea is the richest country in Africa as its a resource for mineral and oil. It has a gross domestic product (GDP) of $31.769 billion. However, that turned out to be a disadvantage since the elites of the country are taking most of the money for themselves. The wealth in this country is not distributed among the population.
7. It has the highest adult literacy rate of the entire Sub-Saharan Africa.
8. Pygmies are native to the central African region covering the Congo basin going upwards to Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. The Pygmies are known to be quite short and their height rarely goes beyond half that of an average adult. Some of them would only reach the knees of a man of average height.
9. The country has a custom of mask and sculpture making. The crafts from this place can be unique and they’re perfect if you want to have something to remember the beautiful side of the country.
10. Did you know that beer is extremely pricey in Equatorial Guinea? However, a cheap local sugarcane brew is easily available all over the country.
Captain Nero’s recommendations in Equatorial Guinea:
Monte Alén National Park: Empty trekking trails, personal safari packages, and an untainted experience of the African wilds, Monte Alén National Park is a stunning place for the nature lovers. The forests are home to many species of animals including crocodiles, elephants, chimpanzees, and gorillas. Trained villagers can accompany visitors on a guided day tour to explain the history and significance of the region.
Biokno Island’s Beaches: Bioko Island’s only white-sand beach is called Arena Blanca, which is best visited during dry season when several butterflies can be seen in the area. It is close to Luba, which is another beautiful destination that you can explore.
Moca Valley: Situated in the southern highlands of Equatorial Guinea, Moca Valley is home to plenty of natural attractions including Lake Biao, Lake Loreta and the famous Cascades of Moca which house different species of monkeys. This amazing valley has breath-taking and scenic views.
Bata: A major city in Equatorial Guinea, Bata is found on the island of Rio Muni. The less commercialized feel makes it more peaceful than the bustling capital, Malabo. Its lively nightlife scene, and the buzzing fish and craft markets, makes it a hotspot for travellers.
Corisco: Blessed with secluded white sand beaches and stunning views of Corisco Bay, Corisco a breeding ground for various sea turtle species. While the beautiful and less commercial beaches are the main attraction of this island, it’s the history and culture that really draw the crowds. This island features some fascinating ruins from colonial times and is also home to a 2,000-year-old cemetery, one of the oldest in Central Africa.